Conditions

A Brief Overview of Scoliosis

Scoliosis

Scoliosis is defined as an abnormal curvature of the spine.  This is often a complex three-dimensional deformity.  On x-ray, as view from the front or back, the spine may look like an “S” or a “C” shape instead of a straight line.

Scoliosis can occur in adolescents.  The reason for its development is somewhat of a mystery.  It may be the result of genetic factors, neuromuscular disease, syndromes or physical trauma.  It may also arise in elderly patients as a result of the spine degenerating over time.  With growth and advancing age the deformity may progress or worsen with an increase in the magnitude or degree of curvative, twisting and rotating of the spine in an abnormal direction.

Signs and symptoms may include, back pain, night pain, leg symptoms, a rib prominence, uneven musculature in the back, and uneven shoulders, hips, or legs.  In severe cases where curves reach over 60 degrees lung and heart function can become compromised.

When children’s curves reach 20 to 25 degrees they may require bracing.  When curves reach over 40 to 50 degrees they may require surgery.  Adults may require surgery if the deformity is debilitating or rapidly progressing.  Otherwise observation, physical therapy and pain management may be the best course of action with medications and periodic injections to control the discomfort.

Back Stories

Do You Have Degenerative Disc Disease Symptoms?
Do You Have Degenerative Disc Disease Symptoms?
One minute you’re just sitting there on the couch, and the next, you’re clutching your lower bac...
Read Article
Spine Surgeon Dr. Valente Celebrates 10 Years
Spine Surgeon Dr. Valente Celebrates 10 Years
Please join the DISC Spine Institute in wishing our Founder and Medical Director, Dr. Mark C. Valent...
Read Article
How Much Ibuprofen Is Too Much?
How Much Ibuprofen Is Too Much?
Is your back acting up again? Pop a few Advil. Wake up with a (literal) pain in the neck? Reach for ...
Read Article
The Five Most Common Herniated Disc Symptoms
The Five Most Common Herniated Disc Symptoms
Wake up with a pain pulsating down one leg? Feel a twinge in your lower back when you sneeze? It cou...
Read Article
8 Back Health Tips for Working from Home
8 Back Health Tips for Working from Home
Due to the Coronavirus pandemic, have you recently found yourself working from home? Many of us sudd...
Read Article
5 Reasons to Consider Minimally Invasive Back Surgery
5 Reasons to Consider Minimally Invasive Back Surgery
If you’re dealing with chronic back pain, you probably remember the first day it hit. At this poin...
Read Article
Are There Any Scoliosis Treatments?
Are There Any Scoliosis Treatments?
What Causes Scoliosis A normal, healthy spine has some curvature to it. These gentle curves, which ...
Read Article
6 of the Best Sciatica Pain Relief Treatments
6 of the Best Sciatica Pain Relief Treatments
You may be thinking to yourself, “It feels like a knife slicing down my leg,” or “It’s the ...
Read Article
Is Degenerative Disc Disease treatable?
Is Degenerative Disc Disease treatable?
“Degenerative disc disease” (DDD) is, admittedly, a scary term. No one wants to hear that they h...
Read Article
  • Living Best Of
  • Dallas Modern Luxury
  • D Magazine
  • Good Morning Texas
  • Focus On Health
  • Best Docs Network
  • MD News