Laser Spine Treatments are one of the latest advances in Minimally Invasive Procedures.
Laser Spine Surgery procedures focus on removing the source of sensitivity and pain by using a laser on the nerve endings and discs to relieve the pressure that is causing the pain.
The disc is 90% water and has a rubbery consistency. With time, age and wear and tear the discs can begin to collapse and bulge out from between the two vertebrae. The disc itself is innervated and therefore can cause pain. Often this is from a tear in the disc called an annular tear. The disc can also bulge back into the spinal canal or into the open for the spinal nerves. This results in a pinched spinal cord or pinched nerves. Bulging discs can take up space in the spinal canal
A herniated disc occurs when the outer rim of the disc (annulus) weakens allowing the inner portion of the disc (nucleus pulposus) to push out. This can occur from a weakened annulus in younger patients from the disc being under too much stress or load from sudden twisting or bending. It may occur in slightly older patients from generalized wear and tear and gradual weakening of the annulus. The rupture in the disc will often cause extreme back pain. When the piece of disc protrudes or extrudes beyond the outer rim of the disc it can apply direct pressure on the spinal nerves. When the disc hits the nerves it can cause excruciating arm or leg symptoms depending on if the herniated disc occurred in the neck or back. Often patients will describe a sudden onset of pain as opposed to a gradual onset of symptoms over months or years that is more typically in degenerative disc problems.
Stenosis means narrowing. In spinal stenosis, the canal through which the spinal cord and nerve roots run becomes narrow. This results in abnormal pressure on the spinal cord and nerves causing a myriad of symptoms including pain, leg cramping, numbness, tingling and weakness. Often the pain starts and is made worse with walking and is relieved when you stop walking or sit down. When the spinal cord is being compressed symptoms may include imbalance, or difficulty with fine movements of your hands. In severe case you may experience abnormalities with your bowel or bladder function. These symptoms from spinal cord compression are referred to as myelopathy and can be irreversible.
Due to the complexity of adjacent anatomic structures, laser procedures should only be performed after qualified surgeon after intensive surgical training and experience.
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